How to Avoid Summer Diseases like West Nile, Lyme & Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Tuesday, August 12, 2014

EmergencyThere are some diseases that are specific to the summer season. While some of these diseases are not harmful and can be easily treated, there are others that can be a cause of concern. Still, it is best to prevent these diseases rather than seeking a cure afterwards. Fortunately, there are some simple tips that you can follow to prevent these diseases. Let’s look at the top ways for avoiding summer diseases like West Nile, Lyme and Rocky Mountain spotted fever:

Preventing West Nile

The West Nile virus is a disease that causes inflammation in the brain. It can be fatal, but it cannot be transmitted from people to people. However, in rare scenarios it can be transmitted form a mother to her baby during pregnancy. It may also be transmitted via organ transplants, mother’s milk and blood transfusions.

Since the host for this disease is mosquitoes, your only defence is to protect yourself against them. If you are going to be outside, you are vulnerable to being bitten. Carry bug spray, wear protection layers and stay away from still bodies of water. Invest in good quality portable mosquito netting to use when you are outdoors.

How to Prevent Lyme Disease

You can contract Lyme disease by coming into contact with ticks. A common misconception regarding ticks is that they are transmitted from animals to humans. The truth is that ticks live in grassy or wooden areas. They attach themselves to a host only when they come across one. However, they are not dependent on hosts for survival. 

If you are outdoors, you should keep a few things in mind. First and foremost, you should use a tick repellent. For your skin, you can use a DEET repellent. If you are taking your pet along, be sure to apply a non-toxic tick powder on their fur. Make sure the tick powder is safe for pets.

Prevention Tips for Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is also caused by ticks. This disease not only causes fever but skin allergies as well. Since this disease is caused by ticks, you can use the same preventive measures as the ones for Lyme disease. Do keep in mind that your pets are also vulnerable to this disease. So, you not only have to protect yourself against this disease, but also your pets.

If you follow these tips you should be able to stay clear of these summer diseases.